Achilles Tendon (disorders)
The Achilles Tendon is the largest tendon in the body, connecting the calf muscle to the heel bone. Injury or damage to the tendon is very common, especially in athletes.
Athlete’s foot is a skin infection caused by a fungus that is typically seen as itchy, dry or scaly skin on the soles of the feet and in between the toes.
A bunion is a bony projection on the side of the big toe, which develops over time. This projection causes the big toe to lean towards the second toe, throwing the bones out of alignment.
A hammertoe is a progressive disorder that affects one or both joints of the toes causing the toe to contract or bend.
A bony growth that develops around the heel bone, often caused by ill-fitting shoes, and sometimes causing pain.
Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by diabetes, this affects a person’s awareness of sensation to their arms, hands, legs and feet. When this occurs with the foot, patients are more likely to develop ulcers that need to be treated.
An ingrown toenail occurs when the nail curves and grows into the skin, typically at its borders.
A fungal toenail often starts as a skin infection, the fungus then grows underneath the nail and can cause changes in appearance to the nails affected.
Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the tissue of the plantar fascia that runs from the heel to the toes.
Corns are small thickened lesions of skin on the foot, typically caused by repeated pressure to the skin.
A callus is an area of thickened skin caused by repeated pressure and rubbing.
Gout is a disorder caused by a buildup of uric acid in the joints, most commonly it impacts the joint of the big toe.
A plantar wart is a growth on the skin of the bottom (plantar) side of the foot caused by a virus.
Flat foot is a deformity of the foot in which the arch is collapsed and the sole of the foot comes partially or completely in contact with the ground.
A neuroma is a thickening of nerve tissue, which can occur anywhere in the body. A Morton’s neuroma is the most common neuroma, located between the third and fourth toes as a result of compression and irritation of the nerve.
An ankle sprain is an injury to one or multiple ligaments in the ankle. Severity of the sprain is determined by how many ligaments were involved and if they are partially or completely torn.
Fractures of the foot
There are 26 bones in the foot. These bones support our weight and allow us to walk and run. Certain activities or injuries can cause a fracture, or break, in one or more of these bones.