Turf toe is a sprain of the big toe joint resulting from sports activities. The injury usually occurs from excessive upward bending of the big toe joint. This can be from jamming the toe or from the repetitive motion of pushing off when running or jumping.

Turf toe is most commonly found in people who participate in football, soccer, basketball, soccer, wrestling, gymnastics, and dance. It’s dubbed “turf toe” from the fact that most injury occurrences come from athletes who play on turf.

Symptoms include pain, swelling, and restricted joint movement in the big toe. If the sprain is caused by repetitive actions, symptoms will usually begin as mild and gradually worsen over time. If the sprain is caused by a one-time direct injury, symptoms develop and worsen over a 24-hour period.

At ProActive Foot & Ankle, we want to keep you doing what you love. To diagnose turf toe, the doctor will examine your foot and take X-rays to rule out a broken bone.

Initial treatments include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Less-flexible footwear may be recommended on a case by case basis.

In severe cases with problems healing and prolonged pain, surgery may be recommended.

If you suspect that you may have turf toe, it is important to come in for an examination at ProActive Foot & Ankle to rule out any broken bones and develop a personalized treatment plan for you.